The Pros & Cons of Electric & Hybrid Vehicles

If you are in the market for a new ride and electric or hybrid vehicles have caught your eye, this list is for you!

Mild Hybrid

What is it? A mild hybrid vehicle is a car with an internal combustion engine (ICE) equipped with an electric machine that allows the motor to turn off when the car is coasting, braking, or stopping, and start back up quickly.

Advantages:

  • The stop-start system saves fuel during idling.
  • They can reduce turbo lag by torque-filling until the engine boosts.
  • They have a lower complexity.
  • They are light weight compared to other electric vehicles.
  • They cost less.

Disadvantages:

  • No full electric mode.
  • Increased cost and complexity compared to regular gas vehicles.

Series Hybrid

What is it? This is what most people think of when they hear the word hybrid. These vehicles use an ICE to give power at higher speeds or when pulling a large or heavy load, and an electric system to move the vehicle at lower speeds and while towing lighter loads.

Advantages:

  • Great fuel efficiency when cruising around town at lower speeds.
  • Equipped with an ICE for longer drives.
  • Good compromise between cost, efficiency, and usability.

Disadvantages:

  • Higher cost than regular ICE vehicle.
  • Reducing power output is the only way to maximize fuel efficiency.

Plug-In Hybrid

What is it? These cars are able to be plugged into electric car charging stations rather than replying only on the ICE and regenerative braking for power.

Advantages:

  • Increased range over full electric vehicles because the gasoline engine can kick in once electric power bank has been used up.
  • Lower cost compared to full electric vehicle.
  • Lower running cost than a series hybrid.

Disadvantages:

  • More expensive than series hybrid.
  • Heavier due to larger battery.
  • More complex than mild hybrid vehicles.

Battery Electric

What is it? A battery electric vehicle is exactly what it sounds like: a battery-operated car.

Advantages:

  • Mechanically simple which means less maintenance.
  • Almost completely silent while operating.
  • High money savings by not having to purchase fuel, even with the purchase of electricity to charge the vehicle.
  • Instant torque.
  • No emissions, so they are great for the environment.

Disadvantages:

  • Limited range.
  • Higher cost than hybrid and traditional gas vehicles.
  • Lengthy charging times.
  • Higher weight than similar gas vehicles.
  • Possible trouble finding charging stations.

Sharing is caring!